Ubykhs and Ubykh Language


Kucuk S.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.2, ss.91-114, 2013 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 2 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v2i4.263
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.91-114

Özet

Ubykhs, who are one of the peoples of the Caucasus, settled in the western end of the North Caucasus. It was Awliya Chalabi who mentioned about Ubykhs firstly in the historical records. Awliya Chalabi described Ubykhs as a branch of Abkhazian. Today, despite of being a living nation, Ubykhs lost their language. Although Ubykh language is a dead language, its traces have not become extinct completely. Ubykhs have an alphabet which cannot be solved out up to now. Because of being a Caucasian origin tribe settling in Anatolia, the dialect of Ubykh tribe of Circassian is thought to be nearly the same as Hittite language. Ubykh language is like a living fossil. Being born on the coasts of Black sea, it is one of the oldest languages of history of humanity. This language was only spoken in Sochi region which is an upland settlement used in summers in Russian Federation today. It belongs to twisted language family and it is the richest language in the world in terms of consonants. It has 83 consonants in return for 2 vowels. There are almost 3000 words in this language. This number is high for a language that does not have written documents.