The concept of formation in the field of education seems to have a system of earlier and later approaches. In this context, the history of present Turkish Education System has also found meaningful. In order to explain how education system has developed from the past to present, it is useful to see the education system as the most important function in transferring the existing culture for the growth of future generations. All educational systems run by various groups, except for Enderun School, were connected to a system and a contemporary education system was evolved to provide government supervision. In addition, on realization of importance of education in development activities, Ottoman Empire started to focus on innovations in education systems. At the end of 1800s and beginning of 1900s, efforts were made to develop Ottoman Educaton System on permanent basis by using material equipments for learning which had associated to permanent change in educational behavior. It is observed that the state continued efforts to enhance efficiency of educational institutions till the state was powerless and weak during its last periods. Moreover, the evaluation of historical documents revealed that there was a check on study material by the state in the educational institutions. In other words, it was not allowed to teach a book until it is recommended by the state, hence some books were taken out from school. Another important point revealed during anlysis was related to women' education. Women's education gained importance parallel to view that every citizen must have educational opportunity.