The Basic Matters in the Formative Period of Kalām


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Işık A. , Yılmaz M. S.

ULUM Journal of Religious Inquiries, cilt.3, ss.111-132, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 3 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Dergi Adı: ULUM Journal of Religious Inquiries
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.111-132

Özet

In contrast to other fields of scholarship, Kalām possesses a clear structure that has influenced the development of Muslim thought. This normative structure of kalām is analysed the fact of the structuring of the social imagination of the Muslim society. So, kalām reflects a character entirely derived from life and shaped within this framework. As much as the basic aim of kalām may be to systematically defend a religious doctrine, due to the contexts in which it has emerged, primarily socio-political backgrounds have an essential role in the formation of the identity of this science. The purpose of this paper is to explain this background and to achieve an analysis based on a contextual reading. In this regard, the matters that need to be methodologically focused on are the main issues that arose within the first three generations of Islam. These issues can be listed as the matter of caliphate (imāmah), the grave sinner (murtakib al-kabīrah), and the discussions on the question of predestination (qadar). Outstanding theses have been produced in response to these issues, which in a way are responsible for the political schisms in Muslim societies, and afterwards, these theses have led to the formation of the deeply rooted scholarly traditions of Islamic thought.