Tool wear, formed in cutting tool during machining processes, affects the surface roughness of the work piece, cutting forces and other output parameters. The effects of the machining parameters cutting speed (V(c)) and the feed rate (f) on built-up edge (BUE), built-up layer (BUL), main cutting force (F(c)), and surface roughness (R(a)) is investigated in this study. The effects of the cutting parameters on cutting force and surface roughness has been examined by the use of Variance Analysis (ANOVA); and their optimum and critical cutting parameters were determined accordingly. AA2014 aluminum alloy was machined with uncoated carbide tools using Computer Numerical Control (CNC) turning machine under dry cutting conditions. Four different cutting speeds (200 m/min, 300 m/min, 400 m/min, and 500 m/min), five different feed rates (0.10 mm/rev, 0.15 mm/rev, 0.20 mm/rev, 0.25 mm/rev, and 0.30 mm/rev) and a constant depth of cut were selected as the machining parameters. BUE and BUL in the cutting tool were formed most at cutting speed 200 m/min and feed rate 0.30 mm/rev. The lowest cutting force was determined as 137 N at cutting speed 500 m/min and feed rate 0.10 mm/rev. The lowest average surface roughness, however, was determined as 0.93 mu m at 500 m/min cutting speed and feed rate 0.10 mm/rev. (C)2010 Journal of Mechanical Engineering. All rights reserved.