3rd International Medicine and Health Sciences Researches Congress ( UTSAK ), Ankara, Türkiye, 13 - 14 Mart 2020, ss.165-175
Long-term use of cell phones that emit electromagnetic fields (EMF) radiation has raised public health concerns. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of EMF on the rat sublingual glands, as well as whether the adverse effects of EMF would be reduced by thymoquinone (10 mg/kg/day). Twenty-four adult male Wistar albino rats (body weight of 200 g and 12-week-old) were randomly selected and divided into 4 groups: control, EMF, thymoquinone and EMF+thymoquinone. Tissue samples were analysed using stereological and histological methods. We found that the number of serous cells was significantly decreased in the EMF group compared to the control group (P<0.05). While the intralobular duct volume was significantly decreased In the EMF group compared to the control group (P <0.05), the stroma volume was significantly increased (P<0.05). In the EMF+thymoquinone group, an increase in the volume of intralobular ducts, as well as a significant decrease in the stroma volume were detected compared to the EMF group (P<0.05). Marked changes in sublingual gland tissues were observed with histopathological examination. Our findings showed that exposure to 900 MHz EMF caused damage to the sublingual gland tissue of the rats. Also, application of thymoquinone partially reduced the negative effects of EMF.