Implementation of Fuzzy Logic Based Speed Control of Brushless Direct Current Motors via Industrial PC


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Bayır R. , Çeven S.

International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering, cilt.2016, ss.146-152, 2016 (Hakemli Üniversite Dergisi)

  • Cilt numarası: 2016 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.18201/ijisae.270370
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications in Engineering
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.146-152

Özet

The brushless direct current motors are often preferred in the industry due to their high development torques, efficiencies,

speed and position controls. Especially, they are used with robotic, numeric-controlled machines, electrical vehicles, etc. One of the

biggest difficulties of these motors is the closed loop operation of these motors with driver circuits and a controller. In this study, the

speed control of the brushless direct current motors was made with PLC-based industrial computer by using the methods of PID and

Fuzzy Logic. PLC based industrial computer of Beckhoff firm CX9020 was preferred as a controller. In this industrial computer, the

software of the controller was developed by using Structured Text programming language of Twincat 2.11 program. In experimental

studies, the speed control of the brushless direct current motors is made with PID and fuzzy logic controller, according to the requested

reference. The performances of the controllers were tested by using step, ramp and ladder functions. While PID controller gave better

results in reference speed areas whose parameters were determined, fuzzy logic controller gave better results in variable references.

Although PID is given as a ready block in PLC and PLC based controllers, fuzzy logic is under development in many of them. In this

study, classical PLCs and PLC based industrial PCs, which did not have any fuzzy logic controller module, were transformed into

intelligent controllers with Structured Text programming language. As a result of this, classical PLCs and PLC based industrial PCs can

be used in intelligent control, which is very important for industry 4.0.