Examining the Impact of Feature Selection Methods on Text Classification


KARACA M. F. , BAYIR Ş.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED COMPUTER SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS, cilt.8, ss.380-388, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 8 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED COMPUTER SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.380-388

Özet

Feature selection that aims to determine and select the distinctive terms representing a best document is one of the most important steps of classification. With the feature selection, dimension of document vectors are reduced and consequently duration of the process is shortened. In this study, feature selection methods were studied in terms of dimension reduction rates, classification success rates, and dimension reduction-classification success relation. As classifiers, kNN (k-Nearest Neighbors) and SVM (Support Vector Machines) were used. 5 standard (Odds Ratio-OR, Mutual Information-MI, Information Gain-IG, Chi-Square-CHI and Document Frequency-DF), 2 combined (Union of Feature Selections-UFS and Correlation of Union of Feature Selections-CUFS) and 1 new (Sum of Term Frequency-STF) feature selection methods were tested. The application was performed by selecting 100 to 1000 terms (with an increment of 100 terms) from each class. It was seen that kNN produces much better results than SVM. STF was found out to be the most successful feature selection considering the average values in both datasets. It was also found out that CUFS, a combined model, is the one that reduces the dimension the most, accordingly, it was seen that CUFS classify the documents more successfully with less terms and in short period compared to many of the standard methods.