The physical and mechanical properties of polymer composites filled with Fe powder


Gungor A.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.99, ss.2438-2442, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 99 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/app.22637
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.2438-2442

Özet

In this study, the effect of Fe powder on the physical and mechanical properties of high density polyethylene (HDPE) was investigated experimentally. HDPE and HDPE containing 5, 10, and 15 vol % Fe metal-polymer composites were prepared with a twin screw extruder and injection molding. After this, fracture surface, the modulus of elasticity, yield and tensile strength, % elongation, Izod impact strength (notched), hardness (Shore D), Vicat softening point, heat deflection temperature (HDT), melt flow index (MFI), and melting temperature (T-m) were determined, for each sample. When the physical and mechanical properties of the composites were compared with the results of unfilled HDPE, it was found that the yield and tensile strength, % elongation, and Izod impact strength of HDPE decreased with the vol % of Fe. As compared with the tensile strength and % elongation of unfilled HDPE, tensile strength and % elongation of 15 vol % Fe filled HDPE were lower, about 17.40% and 94.75% respectively. On the other hand, addition of Fe into HDPE increased the modulus of elasticity, hardness, Vicat softening, MFI, and HDT values, such that 15 vol % Fe increased the modulus of elasticity to about 48%. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.