24th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Brno, Çek Cumhuriyeti, 3 - 05 Haziran 2015, ss.1124-1128
In this study, the effects of bismuth additions of 0.2, 0.5 and 1 wt% on microstructure and mechanical properties of AZ91 alloy were examined. A permanent mold casting procedure was carried out to produce the alloy billets under a mixed gas atmosphere of SF6 and CO2. Microstructural investigations showed that Mg3Bi2 intermetallic phases were formed in all the samples and it coarsened with increasing amount of Bi in AZ91 alloy. Furthermore, a finer dispersion of Mg17Al12 intermetallic phases was observed in the structures as the amount of Bi in AZ91 increased. It was also showed that increasing Bi addition increased the hardness of AZ91 alloy. However, the highest hardness value was found for the alloy having 0.5wt% Bi addition that means high amount of Bi can decrease the hardness of AZ91 alloy. On the other, there were no considerable changes in the tensile strengths and yield strengths of the alloys as the amount of Bi increased although a slight increase in both strengths were observed with increasing amount of Bi. Percent elongation at break showed a decrease as Bi addition increased.