JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.20, ss.1147-1153, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Wood materials are increasingly being used in the construction of structural beams, sports equipment, etc. This study was carried out to determine the bonding strength of phenol-formaldehyde (PF) and melamine-formaldehyde (MF) adhesives to impregnated wood materials. For this purpose, brutia pine (Pinus brutia Ten) and elm (Ulmus compestris L.) woods were impregnated with borax (Bx), boric acid (Ba), Bx + Ba (wt:wt 50:50%), di-ammonium phosphate (D), [D + (Bx + Ba)]/ (50 + (25 + 25%), w/w) and Tanalith-C 3310 (T-C 3310) using the vacuum method according to ASTM-D 1413-76. The effects of wood species, impregnating material and type of adhesive on the bonding strength were determined. The highest shear strength (11.09 N/mm(2)) was obtained from elm wood control (i.e., without any impregnating materials) samples with MF; thus, the impregnation process negatively affected the adhesive bonding strength. Impregnating materials, especially those containing oily or similar solutions such as T-C 3310, are not advised for wood elements which are subjected to shear.