Electrochemical Phenol Biosensor Configurations Based on Nanobiocomposites


Sulak M. T. , ERHAN E., KESKİNLER B.

SENSORS AND MATERIALS, cilt.24, ss.141-152, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Dergi Adı: SENSORS AND MATERIALS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.141-152

Özet

Different biosensor configurations were constructed based on nanobiocomposites for the detection of phenol. The immobilization of laccase (TvLac) was achieved on a glassy carbon (GC) with polypyrrole (PPy), polypyrrole-multiwall carbon nanotube (PPy-MWCNT), and polypyrrole-multiwall carbon nanotube-Prussian blue (PPy-MWCNT-PB) composites via electrochemical polymerization. A comparative study was made of the analytical properties of the biosensors corresponding to the three configurations, namely, GC/PPy-TvLac, GC/PPy-TvLac-MWCNT, and GC/PPy-TvLac-MWCNT-PB. All the configurations indicated that the (TvLac-MWCNT-PB) nanobiocomposites were entrapped within the porous PPy film and resulted in a hybrid film that showed a high electrocatalytic ability toward the oxidation of phenol at a potential of -200 mV vs Ag/AgCl. The GC/PPy-TvLac-MWCNT-PB working electrode gave performance characteristics with high sensitivity (309.1 nA/mu M), low detection limit, and good stability. This electrode allowed the determination of phenol in the 0.2 -2.56 mu M concentration range. The sensitivities (S/N = 3) for phenol obtained from the different working electrodes were found to be 4.56, 91.03, and 309.1 mu M, respectively.