In the Early Republican Period, as it can be seen in the Kayseri example, central and local governments developed an urban plan and its implementation for Anatolian cities with traditional structure, as part of a transformation project that usually introduced a rigid geometric pattern. Although some development practice had been achieved by municipalities and lieutenant-governorship (Mutasarriflik) even before the Republican Period, they are known to be very limited. These limited development implementations were made without planning and by decision of the administrators and governing bodies. In this period, some big state investments such as Ankara-Kayseri railway, Kayseri-Uluki la railway, the inauguration of a plane factory and the renown Sumerbank textile factory were established in Kayseri. However, in those years, Kayseri's urban pattern was criticized for having a city image which was completely challenging to this economic development, awaiting to be salvaged from its ruined view. The central Government fulfilled the expectation for a plan, assigning the task to Nazmi Toker as governor in 1932. Within nine months of his duty, the municipality was placed under the responsibility of the governor just like Istanbul and Ankara. Nazmi Toker, who became the only authority in the city, initiated the first development plan and practice in Kayseri during the four years of his governorship.