JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OF GAZI UNIVERSITY, cilt.28, ss.473-479, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
In this study, scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) sawdust was used as biomass resources. Catalyzed and uncatalyzed (thermal) pyrolysis processes were conducted in a fixed-bed reactor. The effects of the parameters on pyrolysis product yields such as temperature and catalysis type were investigated. The pyrolysis of the experimental samples that have a particle size in the range of 0.850-1.60 mm were carried out at the temperatures of 400, 500 and 600 degrees C at the heating rate of 5 degrees C/min. Nitrogen gas (N-2) flow was used at the rate of 30 ml/min during the process. Basic salts such as Na2CO3, K2CO3 and Lewis acid (FeCl3) were used as catalyses. As a result, it was determined that temperature and catalysis types were effective parameters in the yields of char, bio-oil and gas products. Also it was determined that the conversion of wood materials into fuel or valuable chemicals with the pyrolysis method is an applicable technology.