In the present work, high temperature tensile properties and abrasive wear performance of a microalloyed medium carbon steel has been examined. Tensile and abrasive wear testing were carried out on as-received and heat treated specimens. The research has shown that microalloyed medium carbon steel was susceptible to dynamic strain ageing due to interaction of mobile dislocations and solid atoms, such as carbon and/or nitrogen. The interaction between dislocations and solid atoms at 200-300 degrees C changes the work hardening rate and contributes to dynamic strain ageing. These interactions also increased abrasive wear resistance of the microalloyed medium carbon steel at 300 degrees C. Therefore, the inference can be drawn that dynamic strain ageing caused an improvement on abrasion resistance. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.