Grey wolf optimization for optimum sizing and controlling of a PV/WT/BM hybrid energy system considering TNPC, LPSP, and LCOE concepts


Tabak A., KAYABAŞI E. , GÜNEŞER M. T. , ÖZKAYMAK M.

ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15567036.2019.1668880
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Özet

In this study, energy demand of a faculty was aimed to supply with a hybrid energy system (HES) consisting of photovoltaic (PV) panels, wind turbine (WT) and bomass (BM) system with optimum power usage distribution and sized to reach a lowest cost and a reliable system. In this optimization, total net present cost (TNPC) for economic analysis, loss of power supply probability (LPSP) for reliability, and localized cost of energy (LCOE) for determining the unit energy cost were considered and an effective control algorithm was developed to decide the power source for improving system reliability. We used genetic algorithm (GA) and simulated annealing (SA), which are commonly used in the literature. On the other hand, we utilized the Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), which was recently found out and inspired by the hierarchy and hunting instincts of grey wolves. The results of GWO algorithm were also compared with GA and SA and confirmed that GWO is satisfying. GWO achieved better results to solve problems by setting LPSP to both 0.02 and 0.01 upper limits. When LPSP set to 0.02 maximum point, GWO suggested PV system at 86.39 kW power and BG at 50 kW power. Consequently, the energy requirement of a faculty was supplied by an optimized and designed PV/WT/BM HES. In addition, by the installation of optimized system, 144.29 tons of CO2 emissions per year will be reduced.