Development of multifunctional polyurethane elastomer composites containing fullerene: Mechanical, damping, thermal, and flammability behaviors

KANBUR Y. , Tayfun U.

JOURNAL OF ELASTOMERS AND PLASTICS, cilt.51, ss.262-279, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 51 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0095244318796616
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.262-279


Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) composites filled with fullerene in the range from 0.5 wt% to 2 wt% were fabricated using melt-compounding. Fullerene addition levels up to nearly twofold increase in tensile strength, percent elongation, and modulus of TPU. The mechanical properties are improved as modified C-60 content decreases. Fullerene loadings also enhance thermal stability of TPU. Glass transition temperature decreases by the inclusion of C-60 into TPU matrix. Composites exhibited the improvement for storage modulus and vibration-damping behavior. The UL-94 rating and limiting oxygen index value of TPU are also extended to higher values after C-60 loadings. Adjuvant effect is observed on fire performance in which pristine C-60 inclusions and higher concentrations of C-60 exhibit better fire performance. Additions of C-60 give identical melt flow index values with that of TPU. Modified C-60 particles disperse more homogeneously than pristine ones into TPU matrix because of the improvement in interfacial interactions between fullerene and polyurethane elastomer.