A New Consideration of a Grave Monument with Married Couple Bust, Eros and Medusa from Paphlagonia Region


ÇELİKBAŞ E. , ELİÜŞÜK M.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.6, ss.593-612, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v6i6.1234
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.593-612

Özet

There is not so many scientific research on grave typology and tradition of burial in Paphlagonia region. In addition to this, there is not sufficient data on the history and culture of the region, which can be explained with the limited number of archaeological excavation in Paphlagonia region. Preliminary preparation for further far-reaching studies has been intended with this research on a piece of grave monument located in a yard at the south of Paphlagonia region, at the present time in Gunesli village of Karabuk province. Even if this research is assesed as a preliminary study, the artefact we treat is of a high value in terms of grave typology of the region. The fact that there is Sora and Hadrianapolis in immediate environment of Gunesli village in which grave monument has been located suggests that it can be a small residential area subject to these ancient cities. However, there are no facts and figures to prove it. And yet, good craftsmanship in the artefact points out that the owner of the grave may be an important person. The artefact is cubical as it stands. Man and wife and two Eros figures holding torch in both sides are portayed in a niche frontally encircled by columns. There is lion sculpture on the upper part of the artefact while Gorgon (medusa) is engraved on the other sides. Given the existent features of the artefact, it can be said that the artefact is unique to the region. A great number of rectangular and round graveyard columns have been found in the course of scientific works in the region. The existence of the clamp hole beneath the artefact shows that this artefact has been placed on such a pedestal. Stylistic features of the figures on the artefact have been examined and it has been dated to the 3rd century A.C. At the end of this research a new type of grave has been added to the grave typology of Paphlagonia region and it has been proven how rich the grave typology of the region is.