Pyrolysis of Firwood (Abies bornmulleriana Mattf.) Sawdust: Characterization of Bio-Oil and Bio-Char

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Ozbay G.

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA, cilt.66, ss.105-114, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 66 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5552/drind.2015.1359
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.105-114


This paper describes the research of slow pyrolysis of firwood (Abies bornmulleriana Mattf.) sawdust by using fixed-bed reactor. The effect of temperature ranging between 350 and 600 degrees C on gas, liquid and solid products was examined. The maximum bio-oil yield of 45.9 % was obtained at the final pyrolysis temperature of 500 degrees C. The elemental analysis and heating value of bio-oil and bio-char were determined, and then the chemical composition of the bio-oil was investigated using chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques such as Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (H-1-NMR). The liquid product was mainly composed of phenolics, including 2-methoxy-phenol, 2-methyl-phenol, phenol, as well as aldeyhdes, acids, esters, alcohols and ketones. The chemical characterization has shown that the bio-oil obtained from residues of forestry production, such as firwood sawdust, can be used as an environmental feedstock, which is an ideal candidate for alternative fuels. Moreover the bio-char can be used as an energy source and active carbon.