MATERIALS TESTING, cilt.56, ss.779-785, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Duplex stainless steel is widely used in the oil, chemical industry and to a lesser extent in the medical industry, because of the high mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and good weldability. In this study, AISI 2205 (22Cr5Ni3Mo) duplex stainless steel samples were joined using the CO2 laser beam welding method. In order to determine the mechanical properties of the welded joints, tensile tests were applied and the hardness of the welded sample was measured on the cross-section. The microstructure characterization of welded samples was also carried out using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Although, the mechanical properties of welded samples were found acceptable, the final microstructure of the welded metal and the heat affected zone (HAZ) were significantly affected by the ferrite phase due to the low heat input that caused high cooling rates, respectively.