Real-time motorized electrical hospital bed control with eye-gaze tracking


AYDIN ATASOY N. , Cavusoglu A., ATASOY F.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCES, cilt.24, ss.5162-5173, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/elk-1503-132
  • Dergi Adı: TURKISH JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5162-5173

Özet

Patients with motor neuron disease and most terminal patients cannot use their hands or arms, and so they need an other person for their all needs. However, the mental functions and memories of such patients are generally sound, and they can control their eyes. Using an eye-gaze tracking technique, we have realized a real-time system for such patients. The system controls a motorized electrical hospital bed (EHB) by eye gaze with 4 degrees of freedom, using a low-cost webcam. Contactless systems that require calibration cannot be used for EHB control. The system developed in this work does not require any calibration process and it is contactless. These properties are the most innovative part of the proposed approach. To begin, the system detects the eye region and computes their is centers. It then tracks the centers and moves a mouse pointer on a screen with the eye gaze. The specific movements of the mouse pointer are evaluated asposition changing request sand the completed movements of the mouse pointer change the EHB position electrically. The communication between the computer and the EHB is provided by a relay control card driven by Arduino Mega. The system work sunder day/artificial lighting conditions successfully with or without eye glasses. The system was tested with 30 volunteers on the EHB safely and was completed with 90% success (the exceptions being people with slanted eyes).