A Numerical Analysis of Laminar Forced Convection and Entropy Generation of a Diamond-Fe3O4/Water Hybrid Nanofluid in a Rectangular Minichannel


Uysal C. , Gedik E., Chamkha A. J.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS, cilt.12, ss.391-402, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 12 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.29252/jafm.12.02.28923
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.391-402

Özet

The convective heat transfer and entropy generation of diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid through a rectangular minichannel is numerically investigated under laminar flow conditions. Nanoparticle volume fractions for diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid are in the range 0.05-0.20% and Reynolds number varies from 100 to 1000. The finite volume method is used in the numerical computation. The results obtained for diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid are compared with those of diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. It is found that 0.2% diamond-Fe3O4 hybrid nanoparticle addition to pure water provides convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of 29.96%, at Re=1000. The results show that diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid has higher convective heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number when compared with diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. For diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid, until Re=600, the lowest total entropy generation rate values are obtained for 0.20% nanoparticle volume fraction. However, after Re=800, diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid with 0.20% nanoparticle volume fraction has the highest total entropy generation rate compared to other nanoparticle volume fractions. A similar pattern emerges from the comparison with diamond/water and Fe3O4/water conventional nanofluids. For 0.2% nanoparticle volume fraction, diamond-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluid and diamond/water nanofluid have their minimum entropy generation rate at Re=500 and at Re=900, respectively. Moreover, this minimum entropy generation rate point changes with nanoparticle volume fraction values of nanofluids.