A novel approach to diffusion bonding of copper to stainless steel

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Kaya Y. , Kahraman N., Durgutlu A., Gulenc B.

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, cilt.226, ss.478-484, 2012 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 226
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/0954405411423333
  • Dergi Adı: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.478-484


In this study, austenitic stainless steel and copper materials were bonded through the diffusion welding method, one of the solid-state welding processes. The welding process was carried out at 875 degrees C temperature for 30 minutes under 3MPa pressure. Two different methods were employed in the welding process. In the first method, the conventional diffusion welding procedure was followed. In the second one, an external electrical current was applied to the parts to be joined with the help of a system that was added to the conventional system. By doing so, the aim was to determine the diffusion amount and length for the specimens obtained with and without current. The weld quality of the diffusion welded specimens was examined using the tensile and hardness test. In addition, microstructural analyses were done using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The highest hardness value was obtained in regions next to the interface and it was decreased gradually as the distance from the interface increased on both sides of the interface. The results indicated that the highest interface strength was obtained for the specimens joined when the external current was applied. According to the EDS and EDS line element analyses results, it can be seen that the specimens joined by applying the external current had a higher amount of diffusion and length than the specimens joined by the conventional technique.