Effect of porosity and density on the mechanical and microstructural properties of sintered 316L stainless steel implant materials

Kurgan N.

MATERIALS & DESIGN, cilt.55, ss.235-241, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 55
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.09.058
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.235-241


In this study, the microstructure and mechanical properties of sintered AISI 316L stainless steel implant materials produced by powder metallurgy (P/M) method were investigated as a function of porosity amount. AISI 316L stainless steel powders were cold-pressed with 800 MPa pressure and sintered at 1200 degrees C, 1250 degrees C and 1300 degrees C for 30 min in a nitrogen atmosphere. The mechanical properties of the 316L implant samples were determined by tensile, fatigue and microhardness tests. Metallographic studies such as pore formation, and fractured surface analyses were performed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Light Optical Microscopy (LOM). The results of this study indicate that, irregular pore formation tendencies increase with an increase in porosity (%). Furthermore, an increase in porosity was shown to decrease the mechanical properties of sintered AISI 316L stainless steel. Sintering temperature is important parameter in decreasing the porosity of P/M materials. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.