3th International Hippocrates Congress on Medical and Health Sciences, Ankara, Türkiye, 6 - 07 Mart 2020, ss.506-516
The negative effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on body organs should be evaluated as a result of the long-term use of cell phones. We investigated the effects of EMF on sublingual salivary glands of 12-week-old rats and the possible protective effects of luteolin on this tissue. Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, EMF, luteolin and EMF+luteolin. The number of serous cells decreased in the EMF group compared to the control group (p<0.05). In the EMF group, intralobular canal and mucous acinus volumes were
significantly decreased compared to the control group, while a significant increase in stroma volume was detected (p<0.05). In the EMF+luteolin group, the serous cell number was significantly increased compared to the EMF group. Also, there was a significant decrease in the stroma volume, as well as an increase in the volumes of intralobular canal and mucous
asinus in the EMF+luteolin group compared to the EMA group (p<0.05). Our histological examination exhibited the marked changes in the architectures of sublingual gland tissues. Our results showed that exposure to 900 MHz EMF caused significant change in the rat sublingual gland tissues, as well as luteolin significantly alleviated the deleterious effect of EMF.