Dry Sliding Wear Behaviours of Valve Seat Inserts Produced from High Chromium White Iron

KALYON A. , ÖZYÜREK D. , GÜNAY M. , Aztekin H.

HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES, cilt.34, ss.635-641, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/htmp-2014-0110
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.635-641


In this present study, wear behaviours of high chromium white iron valve seat inserts and tappets used in the automotive sector were investigated. Wear behaviours of three different rates of high chromium white cast irons (containing 10, 12 and 14% chromium) were examined under heavy service conditions. For that purpose, the produced valve seat inserts were characterized through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and hardness measurements. They were tested at a sliding speed of 1 ms(-1), under 120 N load and for six different sliding distances (500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, 3000 m) by using a standard wear apparatus (pin-on-disk type). The result showed that as the amount of Cr increased in the alloys, their hardness decreased. The decrease in the hardness were considered to be as the result of transformation of M7C3 carbides into M23C6 carbides in the structure. This decrease in hardness with increasing chromium content also increased the weight loss. Thus, it was determined that the white iron with 14% Cr (which had a greater amount of M23C6 carbides) was subjected to the highest wear.