Bazı Japon Grubu Erik (Prunus salicina Lindl.) Çeşitlerinin Gaziantep’teki Performansları


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Açar İ.

Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi, cilt.20, ss.247-252, 2016 (Hakemli Üniversite Dergisi)

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.29050/harranziraat.282265
  • Dergi Adı: Harran Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.247-252

Özet

This study was carried out in Gaziantep to determine the performances of ‘Angeleno’, ‘Autumn Giant’, ‘Bella di Barbiano’, ‘Black Amber’, ‘Black Beauty’, ‘Black Diamond’, ‘Firenze 90’, ‘Fortune’, ‘Friar‘, ‘Globe Sun’, ‘Larry Ann’, ‘Obilnaja’, ‘October Sun’, ‘Original Sun’ ‘President’, ‘Queen Rosa’ and ‘TC Sun’ Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl) cultivars. In the study, yield per tree, flowering periods, harvesting date, fruit dimensions, fruit weight, flesh/stone ratio and total soluble solid contents (TSS%) were determined. According to obtained results; yield per tree (kg) ranged from 0.5 kg (Firenze 90) to 47.7 kg (Black Diamond); fruit weight (g) ranged from16.7 g (Obilnaja) to 64.5 g (Larry Ann). Among the tested cultivars, ‘Larry Ann’ and ‘Black Amber’ had the biggest fruits. Full blooming date ranged from 31 March for ‘Queen Rosa’ to 12 April for ‘Firenze 90’, harvesting date ranged from 11 July for ‘Black Beauty’ and ‘Obilnaja’ to 13 September for ‘Angeleno’ and ‘President’. TSS ratio of plum cultivars used in this study ranged between 14.3% for ‘Autumn Giant’ and 22.5% for ‘Angeleno’. According to the results, ‘Black Diamond’, ‘Globe Sun’ and ‘Obilnaja’ cultivars in terms of yield; 'Black Amber' and 'Larry Ann' cultivars in terms of fruit size; and 'Black Beauty' and 'Obilnaja' cultivars in terms of the earliness were found as promising.