Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of AISI2205/DIN-P355GH steel joint by submerged arc welding

Küçüköner H., Karakoç H., Kahraman N.

Journal of Manufacturing Processes, cilt.59, ss.566-586, 2020 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 59
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2020.10.023
  • Dergi Adı: Journal of Manufacturing Processes
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.566-586


© 2020 The Society of Manufacturing EngineersIn this study, duplex stainless (AISI2205) steel and pressure vessel (P355GH) steel have been joined by submerged arc welding method (SAW). Three different joining operations (AISI2205-AISI2205), (P355GH-P355GH) and (AISI2205-P355GH) were performed respectively. ELOX UP 309 L submerged arc welding wire and Eliflux Bss-A submerged arc welding powder were used for joining materials. Welded materials have been tested with eye, magnetic particle and radiographic examination methods were used to detect surface and subsurface defects. Tensile, bending, Charpy impact notch and hardness tests were then performed to determine the mechanical properties of welded samples. Additionally, microstructure investigations were made to determine the structural changes in the welding zone. Various NDE technqiues were adopted to investigate the quality of the welds. As a result of tensile tests, the rupture was made of welding metal in AISI2205-AISI2205 joints and P355GH in other joints was made of base material. No visible errors were observed in the welding area after bending test. When the V-notch impact energies of the materials were compared, the highest toughness value was measured in the ITAB of AISI2205 material and the lowest toughness value was measured in the P355GH weld metal. In hardness measurements, the highest hardness value was obtained in the HAZ of the AISI2205 material, whereas the lowest hardness was measured in the P355GH base material. Microstructure studies indicated that the weld metal comprised a dendritic structure, and the grains were observed to become coarse in the region adjacent to the melting boundary on the main material side.