Coatings and Tints of Spectacle Lenses


Buyukyildiz H. Z.

TURK OFTALMOLOJI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, cilt.42, ss.359-369, 2012 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 42 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.4274/tjo.42.52724
  • Dergi Adı: TURK OFTALMOLOJI DERGISI-TURKISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.359-369

Özet

Spectacle lenses are made of mineral or organic (plastic) materials. Various coatings and tints are applied to the spectacle lenses according to the characteristic of the lens material, and for the personal needs and cosmetic purpose. The coatings may be classified in seven groups: 1) Anti-reflection coatings, 2) Hard coatings, 3) Clean coat, 4) Mirror coatings, 5) Color tint coating (one of coloring processes), 6) Photochromic coating (one of photochromic processes), and 7) Anti-fog coatings. Anti-reflection coatings reduce unwanted reflections from the lens surfaces and increase light transmission. Hard coatings are applied for preventing the plastic lens surface from scratches and abrasion. Hard coatings are not required for the mineral lenses due to their hardness. Clean coat makes the lens surface smooth and hydrophobic. Thus, it prevents the adherence of dust, tarnish, and dirt particles on the lens surface. Mirror coatings are applied onto the sunglasses for cosmetic purpose. Color tinted and photochromic lenses are used for sun protection and absorption of the harmful UV radiations. Anti-fog coatings make the lens surface hydrophilic and prevent the coalescence of tiny water droplets on the lens surface that reduces light transmission.