An Ottoman Admirer Intellectual in Egypt: Ahmed Shawqi and His Ideas


TEKİN Z. , Kirmizi I.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.2, ss.115-139, 2013 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 2 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v2i4.264
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.115-139

Özet

Egypt is in the position of the gateway of the Mediterranean basin to the West which is the most significant region of eastern-western route. Therefore, it has attracted the attention of big countries and has been a center of interest every era. The strategic importance of Egypt in 19 th century always drew the high attention of France and Great Britain to exploit the area. Moreover; Egypt could not be totally attached to the Ottoman Empire because of the distance to the Sublime Porte. Both the distance to the Sublime Porte and the exploitation activities of European countries led to bring about different movement of thought in Egypt. Especially, the idea of Egyptian intellectuals to the Ottoman Empire and different nationalism approaches are some of these different movement of thought in Egypt. The effects of Islamism and Nationalism have been felt deeply especially by the intellectuals living in Egypt. The reason why Ahmad Shawqi was chosen among these intellectuals is that he was originally Turkish and was deeply attached to Abdulhamit II and to the caliphate during his life-time. The nationalism idea was being recognized in some different ways in Egypt at that time. The nationalism idea of Ahmad Shawqi was based on the "Egyptian Nationalism attached to the Ottoman Caliphate".