Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are extensively used to protect critical components such as aircraft turbines to provide thermal insulation at elevated temperatures. At high operating temperatures, damage mechanisms such as oxidation and hot corrosion result in spallation of TBC system. The spallation occurs due to the phase transformation during penetration of hot corrosion salts to top coat. YSZ is mainly used as top coat material for TBC systems. However, YSZ cannot be used in temperature higher than 1000 A degrees C. More superior efficiency of gas turbine engines will demand a new generation materials for TBC systems. Nowadays, rare earth zirconates, Gd2Zr2O7, La2Zr2O7, YSZ/Gd2Zr2O7, and YSZ/La2Zr2O7 used as ceramic top coat materials in gas turbine engine components owing to their superior thermal isolation and hot corrosion resistance properties. In this study, hot corrosion mechanism, rare earth zirconates, and their properties as well as their hot corrosion behavior in TBCs were investigated based on literature studies.