PERTANIKA JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.27, ss.685-702, 2019 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
In this study, for 5.1 million bee colonies and nearly 42 thousand migratory beekeepers in Turkey, an information system is recommended that determines the areas where the honey season will pass taking into account the flowering periods of plants. Migratory beekeepers produce honey by following the flowering periods of nectar sources. Bee colonies should be placed in the optimum number in areas with nectar sources. Less colony settlement has a negative impact on agricultural production. Colony condensation also adversely affects the honey yield of bee colonies per hive. In this study focuses on the optimal number of colonies in the nectar region. In the first stage, 81 provinces in Turkey were analyzed in terms of nectar resources and meteorological conditions which are the major sources of honey production. This evaluation used fuzzy cognitive maps. As a result of the evaluation, 33 provinces were identified as the most suitable provinces in terms of nectar sources and meteorological conditions. In the second phase of the study, a new approach has been proposed for migratory beekeepers to pass the nectar flow season at maximum efficiency and to use nectar resources at maximum level. This approach is based on the placement of bee colonies, considering the potential of the bee farming of the regions and the number of bee colonies subjected to migratory beekeeping. One of the advantages of this approach is that it will maximize honey yield per colony for migratory beekeepers. Another advantage of this system is that the distribution of bee colonies according to the number of plants in the region will be positive in terms of quality and quantity of agricultural production.