Foreign Migrants and Their Working Conditions: A Field Survey


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BALUN B. , ŞİŞMAN Y.

Scientific Journal Virtus, cilt.46, ss.174-178, 2020 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 46
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Dergi Adı: Scientific Journal Virtus
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.174-178

Özet

The phenomenon of migration, which emerges voluntarily or due to compelling reasons, continues to affect migrant receiving and sending societies today in terms of socio-economical, cultural and political ways together with their indirect and direct results as in the past. These effects emerging from dynamic structure of the migration keep discussions about migration alive. Turkey, taking place on the important route of regular and irregular migration and refugee and asylum seekers, keeps its position, with this feature, among the countries where migration discussions are ongoing. Moreover, because the number of the migrants together with the mass migrations from Syria has reached to remarkable amounts, together with this discussion fields related with the social impacts of the migration have also expanded. Although different justifications expanding the dimension of the discussion are presented, impacts emerged in the working life of the migrants constitute the most important point of the discussion. Migrants are involved in the labour markets for reasons such as insufficient benefits, crowded populations and desire to continue their lives. However, either the criteria related with their work permits are heavy or the places they work are mostly of hidden economy because of the factors caused by the structure of the labour markets. The reality that migrants are working unofficially both prevents them from reaching the socioeconomical rights and affects the labour markets. In connection with this thought, it is thought that, by putting the current working conditions of the migrant into the centre, their level of accessing to the social rights and in which direction and how this affects their working lives can be examined. The study conducted within this framework is realised by using a survey method with unofficially working 346 foreign migrants under international protection in Karabük province (Turkey) selected by convenience sampling method and by using surveys. Descriptive statistical methods were used to analyse the data. As a result of the study it is found out that foreign migrants are affected by the negative conditions of hidden economy and they also affect the labour market.