Enlightenment and Reconstruction of National Awareness in Kazakh Literature During Alash Orda Era


Kapagan E. , Bacakli Y.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.9, ss.501-510, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 9 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v9i2.2448
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.501-510

Özet

Kazakh Turks have lived in the same geography since ancient times. This situation brings about the formation of a rich and deep-rooted tradition. Kazakh, like all other Turkish communities, was accepted as a part of the common literature and culture belonging to the Turkish world, and in particular, a Kazakh oral and written literature started to be formed, as they existed in the history scene with their own names. In Kazakh Turks, literature, which continued its existence orally until the 20th century, continued its development both verbally and in writing afterwards. Especially in the development of written literature in the last century, the identification and exploitation policies of the Russians towards Turkish communities have an important effect. Literature, which is one of the most effective tools in the formation and development of national identity, is effectively used by intellectual names against these policies carried out by the Russians. Thanks to the educational environment developed with the pressure of Russian politics aimed at eliminating Kazakh identity and culture, intellectual names which grown from the Kazakh society begin to fight against Russian politics with their pens. This intellectual movement determines 'Alash Khan', who is an important figure of independence and unity in the history of Kazakh Turks, as their names and slogans. Using this name and slogan, they aim to hold together the national and spiritual values that take place in the historical roots of the Kazakh people. The intellectuals of the 'Alash Orda' period work to build a national consciousness that can meet the needs of the era without departing from its historical roots, based on the ideas and works of art of both Eastern and Western cultures.